New onset high blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy may be associated with greater number of hot flushes during menopause
A new study suggests that women with a history of hypertension, diabetes during pregnancy may experience more hot flushes during the menopause transition.
Results of the study were presented at The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in San Diego.
About 60-80% of women are estimated to suffer from hot flushes as part of menopause. Hot flushes have been associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction, as have hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes. This study was carried out to analyze, if these pregnancy disorders could have any effect on hot flushes during menopause.
Data from more than 2,200 women who participated in the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN) study were gathered as part of the research.
With so many women affected by hot flushes, healthcare providers need to understand all the underlying risk factors that could influence hot flushes at the time of menopause
The study concluded that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes may be modestly associated with a greater number of hot flushes. Women who had never been pregnant, in contrast, were found to have fewer hot flushes.
“This study further underscores the importance of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia for later health, particularly cardiovascular health at midlife. Women with a history of these pregnancy disorders were heavier and more likely to be taking lipid-lowering medications and diabetes medications,” said Dr. Rhoda Conant, lead author of the study from the University of Oklahoma Health Science Center.
“With so many women affected by hot flushes, healthcare providers need to understand all the underlying risk factors that could influence hot flushes at the time of menopause,” said Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, NAMS executive director.